In this course we will consider the special contributions of black intellectuals to the culture and controversies of North America and the Atlantic world. We will consider definitions of the “intellectual” and the special demands on and requirements of artistic expression in the African diaspora. Analyses of artistic and intellectual traditions and of problems like racial identity, national belonging, artistic expression, and gender will focus our discussions. Works to be discussed may include Phyllis Wheatley, Frederick Douglass, Anna Cooper, W. E. B. DuBois, Booker T. Washington, Francis Harper, Ida B. Wells, Zora Hurston, George Schuyler, Franz Fanon, C. L. R. James, James Baldwin, Hortense Spillers, Maryse Condé, Spike Lee and others.